Parts of thesis chapter 1-5 ppt

Instead, structures of similar quality in the hills of cities such as Caracas were still considered ranchos. Patterns were affected by aspects of the surrounding context and by aspects inherent to characteristics of the initial dwelling. college essay writing help singapore The intention was to observe the process of dwelling evolution and the kind of housing that was being produced under progressive urban development projects on a long-term basis. More effective interpretations involved enlarging the front porch or using the central circulation axis to allow easy extension in the future. The size of ranchos reflected households' aspirations for the permanent dwelling, that is,smaller ranchos were substituted by basic units of the housing programs.

Still, some households built their dwellings without going through the rancho stage. More effective interpretations involved enlarging the front porch or using the central circulation axis to allow easy extension in the future. novel writing helper numbers More user participation was reflected in straight-forward processes of evolution without internal modifications, and fewer stages to reach the current houseform. However, conditions prevailing in these projects and sometimes strategies that are introduced to "improve," "speed up" or make more "efficient" the process of evolution can affect the outcome in many different ways.

Under El Gallo conditions of land security, ranchos did not show consolidation, and revealed their transient character because they were eventually substituted by permanent structures. It was found that, based on observations of the informal settlement process, progressive development under different contextual conditions was not questioned, and its benefits were taken for granted. essay writing service reviews keyboard shortcuts The non-permanent structure revealed the primary household's aspiration for a minimum satisfactory habitable area. This fact, together with the sudden change in the pace of development caused by the construction of a very complete permanent dwelling and subsequent removal of the rancho, had no connection with the gradual process of shack replacement observed in invasion settlements of Ciudad Guayana during this study Portela, M.

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Aerial documentation, if available, represents one of the most reliable sources to observe physical change. This attitude has been more common in other progressive development projects. Parts of thesis chapter 1-5 ppt However, an idea that may have contributed to the demolition of the rancho was the household's adoption of the planner's belief that ranchos were a bad but necessary step on the way to obtaining permanent housing.

This fact, together with the sudden change in the pace of development caused by the construction of a very complete permanent dwelling and subsequent removal of the rancho, had no connection with the gradual process of shack replacement observed in invasion settlements of Ciudad Guayana during this study Portela, M. Dwelling evolution was observed in a survey sample using parameters relevant to the case study i. Parts of thesis chapter 1-5 ppt The findings at El Gallo add modestly to the body of knowledge of literature on progressive development. Simple facts such as knowing the characteristics of the additions and modifications that households make to their dwellings over time can be the basis for more assertive actions supporting or enforcing progressive development activities.

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However, non-permanent structures remained to be rented or used as storage areas even after the permanent dwelling was built McCarney, P. The size of ranchos reflected households' aspirations for the permanent dwelling, that is,smaller ranchos were substituted by basic units of the housing programs. custom essays services llc Simple facts such as knowing the characteristics of the additions and modifications that households make to their dwellings over time can be the basis for more assertive actions supporting or enforcing progressive development activities. This attitude has been more common in other progressive development projects. Understanding the process of dwelling evolution in low-income developments would be an effective way to help the process that, in the case of Ciudad Guayana, zonings and bylaws have been unable to regulate.

The size of ranchos reflected households' aspirations for the permanent dwelling, that is,smaller ranchos were substituted by basic units of the housing programs. However, it is important to recognize that are other issues beyond the spatial aspects that are intrinsically related with the evolution of the dwellings and that were not included within the scope of these particular research i. dissertation writing assistance google scholarship The findings at El Gallo add modestly to the body of knowledge of literature on progressive development. However, conditions prevailing in these projects and sometimes strategies that are introduced to "improve," "speed up" or make more "efficient" the process of evolution can affect the outcome in many different ways. Thus, once the permanent dwelling was built, the price households paid to gain credibility i.

Those who lived in smaller ranchos improved their spatial conditions by moving to the small basic dwellings. Still, these conclusions are relevant to the process of dwelling evolution in progressive development projects. help with college paper writing outline apa style Introduction The following chapter concludes this report. This attitude has been more common in other progressive development projects.

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However, besides basic shelter during the initial stage, ranchos served to the purposes of capital accumulation that eventually allowed households to buy a basic unit according to official standards, or building a bigger, more complete first permanent structure. Aerial documentation, if available, represents one of the most reliable sources to observe physical change. Parts of thesis chapter 1-5 ppt However, it is important to recognize that are other issues beyond the spatial aspects that are intrinsically related with the evolution of the dwellings and that were not included within the scope of these particular research i. In the context of low-income housing, the process of progressive development needs further understanding.

Survey dwellings followed identifiable patterns of evolution in size, spatial structure and use-layout. Dwelling evolution was observed in a survey sample using parameters relevant to the case study i. Parts of thesis chapter 1-5 ppt It is difficult to ascertain why ranchos were removed when they could have been kept as part of the dwelling, as in fact did a minority of households 2 cases.


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